Radio Equipment And Telecommunications Terminal Equipment
Release time: 2016/7/27 View: 1070
About the R&TT E sector Radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment (R&TTE) encompasses all products that use the radio frequency spectrum (like mobile phones, gate openers or broadcast transmitters), as well as telecommunications terminal equipment like modems or fixed telephones. The R&TTE sector in which many European companies have emerged as world leaders is a major driver of growth and jobs in the EU. Ensuring the health and safety of users, enforcing protection requirements with respect to electomagnetic compatibility and ensuring an efficient use of the spectrum so as to avoid harmful interference are the essential elements of EU policy on R&TTE. CE marking and the R&TT E Directive Directive 1999/5/EC is intended to ensure that R&TT E meets essential safety and electromagnetic compatibility requirements and avoids harmful interference, while harmonizing the rules governing its sale within the EU. In addition, the Directive allows for further requirements for R&TTE to be added over time, regarding interoperability, network interference, user privacy, fraud avoidance, access to emergency services and accessibility for disabled users. The Directive defines telecommunications terminal equipment as ‘a product enabling communication or a relevant component thereof which is intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks’. Radio equipment is defined as ‘a product, or relevant component thereof, capable of communication by means of the emission and/or reception of radio waves utilising the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radiocommunication’. The Directive applies to all R&TTE with the exception of certain specific categories listed in Annex I, including amateur radio equipment not available commercially, cabling and wiring and receiving-only radio and TV equipment. It also does not apply to infrastructure equipment for fixed networks, which is covered by the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) and the Low Voltage Directive (2006/95/EC). The presence of the CE marking on R&TTE is an indication that it meets these essential requirements and can therefore be sold anywhere in the European Economic Area (made up of the EU countries plus Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) as well as in Turkey. This also applies to products manufactured in third countries. on the road to CE marking – conformity assessment There are diverse procedures to be followed for R&TTE, depending on the type of product and on whether Harmonised European Standards have been applied. For telecommunications terminal equipment which does not use the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communication and receiving parts of radio equipment, manufacturers can choose between one of three procedures: an internal production control, an internal production control plus specifi c apparatus tests accompanied by a technical construction fi le, or a full quality assurance procedure. Details of these procedures are set out in annexes ii, iV and V of the Directive. For radio equipment making use of the spectrum, the procedure to be followed depends on whether Harmonised standards have been applied. If they have, one of three procedures can be followed: an internal production control plus specifi c apparatus tests as set out in Annex III, or the procedures set out in Annexes IV and V as referred to above. If Harmonised standards have not been applied, or have been applied only in part, manufacturers can only choose between the procedures set out in annexes iV and V. Once the appropriate conformity assessment procedure has been completed, the manufacturer, or his authorised representative in the EU, must affix the CE marking to the equipment. When one of the procedures involving a Notifi ed Body (those in Annexes III, IV and V) has been followed, its identifi cation number should also be indicated. In the case of radio equipment, the equipment class identifi er should also be indicated where one has been assigned.